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Phytochemical Contents of Torbangun (Coleus amboinicus Lour) from Fractionation of Pressurized Liquid Extraction

  • Farida Laila Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680 and School of Vocational Studies, IPB University, Jl. Kumbang No 14, Bogor 16151 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6690-8105
  • Dedi Fardiaz Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680
  • Nancy Dewi Yuliana Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680 http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0249-3753
  • Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680 http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8700-2185
  • Fitriya Nur Anissa Dewi Primate Research Center, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Lodaya II/5, Bogor 16151

Abstract

Coleus amboinicus (Lour) (torbangun) has been used traditionally as a breast milk stimulant, flavoring agent in many cuisines, and reported to possess many pharmacological values. The aim of this study was to explore the utility of the Pressurized Liquid Extraction (PLE) technique to identify the phytochemical contents of torbangun. In this study, total phenolic content and flavonoid in torbangun were determined using spectrophotometric method. The GC-MS analysis was used to identify the chemical constituents of torbangun, which was sequentially extracted with a wide range of solvent or solvent mixture from nonpolar-moderately polar and finally polar solvent. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents in the methanol extract of torbangun were 42.17±2.96 mg GAE/g and 11.20±0.58 mg QE/g, respectively. The identified chemical constituents in torbangun were sugar, hydrocarbon, ketone, terpenes, phenolics, fatty acid, fatty alcohol, steroids, alkaloids, and others, whereas the dominant constituents were phenolic compound, alkane, and sugar. In conclusion, this study demonstrated the effectiveness and rapid extraction of the PLE technique. Many valuable compounds in torbangun were extracted using gradual composition of solvent and were able to identify certain compounds in different polarities of solvents that are important in functional food preparation, pharmaceutical, and metabolomics research.

Keywords: bioactive, extract, nontoxic, plant, solvent

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Published
2020-01-30
How to Cite
Laila, F., Fardiaz, D., Yuliana, N. D., Damanik, M. R. M., & Dewi, F. N. A. (2020). Phytochemical Contents of Torbangun (Coleus amboinicus Lour) from Fractionation of Pressurized Liquid Extraction. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 25(2). https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.25.2.224