PENGARUH STANDAR KEAMANAN PANGAN TERHADAP EKSPOR PRODUK BIOFARMAKA INDONESIA
There have been growing concerns about the effects of food safety standards on agricultural trade throughout the world. One of the food safety standards applied in international trade is the adoption of maximum residue limits of pesticides. This research uses panel gravity model to analyze the effect of maximum residual limit (MRL) of pesticides imposed by importing countries on export of Indonesia’s medicinal plant products. The results show that stringent food safety standards imposed by importing countries have a negative and statistically significant effect on Indonesia’s export of medicinal plant products. The results also show that volume of Indonesia’s medicinal plant products exports are influenced by real GDP of exporter and importer, population, production, economic distance, and ad valorem tariff.
Keywords: food safety standard, Gravity model, Panel data, Medicinal plant products.
Anderson J. dan Wincoop E. 2004. Trade Cost. Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 42, No.3 (Sept., 2004), pp. 691-751.
[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2014. Produksi Hortikultura. http://www.bps.go.id/site/pilihdata [ Desember 2014].
Chen C, Yang J, dan Findlay C. 2008.Measuring the Effect of Food Safety Standards on China’s Agricultural Exports. Review of World Economics Vol 144 (1).
CODEX Alimentarius. 2015. Pesticide Residues in Food and Feed. http://www.codexalimentarius.net/ pestres/data/pesticides/index.html [April 2015].
Dou L, Nakagawa M, Yan F dan Li P. 2013. The Impact of Food Safety Standards on China’s Export of Vegetables and Fruits. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology Vol : 7 2013-05- 29
Ferro E, Otsuki T and Wilson J. 2015.The effect of product standards on agricultural exports. Food Policy 50 (2015) 68-79. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Krugman P dan Obstfeld M. 2003. International Economics Theory and Policy Sixth Edition. Boston: Addison-Wesley.
Nugroho A. 2014. The Impact of Food Safety Standard on Indonesia’s Coffe Exports. Procedia Environtmental Sciences 20: 425- 433
Osiemo O. 2012. Harmonization of sanitary and phytosanitary standards in international trade: the case of the EU and the COMESA. [Disertasi].
Otsuki T, Wilson J, dan Sewadeh M. 2001. Saving two in a billion: quantifying the trade effect of European food safety standards on African Exports. Food Policy 26: 495-514. Faculty of Law. University of Amsterdam
Song H, Chen K. 2010. Trade Effects and Compliance Costs of Food Safety Regulations: A Case of China. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 1: 429–438.
Tinbergen J. 1962. Shaping the World Economy: Suggestion for an International Economic Policy
Wei G, Huang J dan Yang J. 2012. The Impact of Food Safety Standard on China’s Tea Export. China Economic Review 23 (2012) 253- 264
Will M and Guenther D. 2007. Food Quality and Safety Standards as required by EU Law and the Private Industry.A Practitioners Reference Book. Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Division 45.
Wilson JS dan Otsuki T. 2004. To spray or not to spray : Pesticides, banan exports , and Food Safety. Food Policy 29(2): 131-146.
[WTO] World Trade Organization. [Internet]. [Diunduh April 2015]. Tersedia: http://tariffdata.wto.org/Default.as px?culture=en-US.
Zarzoso IM. 2004. Regional Trading Agreements: New Empirical Evidence from The Gravity Model. JEL: F14, F15. Universidad Jaume I and Instituto de Economía Internacional. Castellón, Spain.
The authors who publis article(s) in Jurnal Ekonomi and Kebijakan Pembangunan have to understand and agree that the copyright of article published is owned by Jurnal ekonomi and Kebijakan pembangunan including to reproduce, distribute and sell this journal to public.