Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong></em>-in English translated to Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food- is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), IPB University. This journal focuses its main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routinely three times per year in March, July, and November. The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food has been <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzgZ-1oM5jwVQzgxSi1LMEZ3Sm8/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener">accredited</a> since February 11th, 2015 by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Indonesia (Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015).</p> <p><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> is currently indexed in <a href="https://mjl.clarivate.com:/search-results?issn=1978-1059&amp;hide_exact_match_fl=true&amp;utm_source=mjl&amp;utm_medium=share-by-link&amp;utm_campaign=search-results-share-this-journal">Clarivate Analytics under the category of Emerging Sources Citation Index</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2407-0920?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%221978-1059%22%2C%222407-0920%22%5D%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%7D">DOAJ</a>,<a href="http://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=784"> Science and Technology Index (SINTA)</a>, <a href="http://portalgaruda.fti.unissula.ac.id/?ref=browse&amp;mod=viewjournal&amp;journal=199">Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_nQ6IU4AAAAJ&amp;hl=id">Google Scholar</a>, and other scientific databases.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">In order to ensure the quality of the manuscripts, the journal uses <a href="https://www.turnitin.com/">Similarity Check</a> to prevent any suspected plagiarism.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> has a competent Board of Editors coming from nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of experts from institutions related to food and nutrition. This Journal is managed by the Editorial Team with high commitment. Lecturers, researchers, and scientists are welcome to publish their scientific articles here in the Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1180425503">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1414463903">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 Thyroid Dysfunction, Total Cholesterol Levels and Anthropometric Status in Women of Reproductive Age in Iodine Deficient Area of Prambanan Sub-District, Sleman Regency, Indonesia https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/39201 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the relationship between thyroid dysfunction with Total Cholesterol levels (TC), Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC) and Waist to hip Circumference Ratio (WHR). The cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the endemic iodine deficiency areas in Prambanan Sub-district, Sleman Regency. A total subject of 134 women of reproductive age were selected randomly from the source population of 592. Thyroid dysfunction determined by Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Free Thyroxine (FT4) level were measured by ELISA method. Total cholesterol level was measured by colorimetric method using a spectrophotometer. We also measured the weight and height for BMI calculation as well as the WC and Hip Circumference (HC). Chi-Square test was applied to analyze association between thyroid dysfunction with TC levels, BMI, WC and WHR. Results found the percentage of thyroid dysfunction in subjects was 39.6% (hypothyroidism 4.5% and hyperthyroidism 35.1%). The percentage of subjects with hypercholesterolemia was 34.3%. The BMI calculation found that the underweight, overweight and obesity proportions were 6.7%; 16.4% and 27.6% respectively; WC &gt;80 cm was 29.9% and WHR &gt;0.85 was 38.8%. There was no association between thyroid dysfunction and TC levels, BMI and WC (p&gt;0.05) respectively. Meanwhile thyroid dysfunction was significantly associated with WHR (p&lt;0.05). Therefore, women in reproductive age with thyroid dysfunction should be aware of their increasing abdominal adiposity.</p> M Mutalazimah Geeta Appannah Nur Lathifah Mardiyati Farida Nur Isnaeni Pramudya Kurnia Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 67 76 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.67-76 Validity and Reproducibility of Malaysian Food Frequency Questionnaire for Dietary Intake Related to Colorectal Cancer https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/39863 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to report on the validity and reproducibility of a 142-food item Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) for dietary factors related to colorectal cancer among Malaysians. Population aged 30 to 70 years from two cities of Peninsular Malaysia were recruited through voluntary participation. A semi-quantitative FFQ was modified from an established FFQ used in the national survey. It includes specific questions to measure the consumption of food sources related to colorectal cancer development. FFQ was administered two times in two weeks to evaluate reproducibility (FFQ1 and FFQ2). Then the validity was assessed by comparing FFQ against the 3-day Food Record method (FR). A total of 100 respondents (mean age 50.6 years) provided data for both validity and reproducibility. The FFQ had significantly higher estimates of most nutrients and food groups’ intake than the FR. The Spearman correlation showed moderate agreement between FFQ and FR while moderate to strong correlation between FFQs. The limit of agreement between both methods using Bland Altman plot was acceptable or both validity and reproducibility. The classification into the same and adjacent quartiles was between 62 to 75% for validity and 77 to 89% for reproducibility assessment. Overall, the validity was satisfactory and reproducibility of the FFQ was good for estimating absolute nutrient and food group intakes. Hence, the FFQ could be used as a valid tool for assessing dietary intake among Malaysians to study dietary<br>factors related to colorectal cancer risk.</p> Ainaa Almardhiyah Abd Rashid Lydiatul Shima Ashari Nor Hamizah Shafiee Raja Affendi Raja Ali Lee Yeong Yeh Mohd Razif Shahril Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 77 86 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.77-86 Lipid Profile Improving Effect of Tenggulun Leaf (Protium javanicum) Tea Powder in Rats Fed with High-Fat Diet https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/39998 <p style="text-align: justify;">The objective of this research was to determine the effect of tenggulun leaf tea powder in improving lipid profile in rats fed with high fat diet. We developed a tenggulun leaf tea powder and did a biochemical analysis. The in vivo study was conducted using 18 male Wistar rats grouped into three different diets, Control-Standard Feed (CSF) group, Hypercholesterol-Standard Feed (HSF) group and Hypercholesterolemia-Tenggulun Feed (HTF) group. The treatment was given for 30 days in all groups. Biochemical analysis showed that tenggulun leaf tea powder contains various cholesterol lowering substance such as dietary fibre (42.73%), phenolic content (9.42 mg GAE/g), tannins (10.80 mg TAE/g), flavonoids content (1.81 mg QE/g), and it also showed antioxidant activity (IC50 value of 67.20 ppm). In vivo analysis after treatment showed that there was no significant difference in total cholesterol levels between the HSF and HTF groups. However, in the HTF group there was a decrease in total cholesterol levels from the initial level by 16.48%. In addition, the HTF group had significantly higher HDL and lower LDL level compared to the HSF. The administration of tenggulun leaf tea powder for 30 days showed a significant effect on Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) and High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, but not on serum Triglyceride (TG) levels. Therefore, the tenggulun leaf tea powder showed a significant effect in improving lipid profile in rats fed with high fat diet.</p> Ni Luh Ari Yusasrini Luh Putu Trisna Darmayanti Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 87 94 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.87-94 Effect of Maja (Aegle marmelous) Leaf Extract and Trigona Honey on Glucosidase Activity Inhibition https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/39605 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine the effect of the maja leaf extract and trigona honey on the á-glucosidase enzyme inhibition, antioxidant activity, and phytochemical type of trigona honey. It is a completely randomized study with natural ingredients, which are traditionally used for diabetic treatment in South Sulawesi. These Maja leaf extracts were mixed with raw trigona honey under several proportions: F1 (only containing trigona honey), FII (trigona honey mixed with maja leaves extract in ratio of 1:1), FIII (only containing maja leaves extract), FIV (trigona honey and maja leaves extract in ratio of 2:1) and FV (trigona honey and maja leaves extract in ratio of 1:2). The five formulas were tested for the phytochemical content (flavonoid, alkaloid, tannin, triterpenoid, steroid, saponin, and quinones), antioxidant activity by DPPH method and followed by á-glucosidase enzyme inhibition test. The phytochemical test found that trigona honey only contained flavonoid and tannin compounds, whereas maja leaf extract and its mixture (with trigona honey) obtained a positive result of flavonoid, tannin, steroid, and saponin contents. Meanwhile, the antioxidant activity results are categorized as follows (IC50): FI (2,524 ppm) has a very weak antioxidant activity, FII (196 ppm) has a weak antioxidant activity, FIII (201 ppm) and FIV (225 ppm) have very weak antioxidant activities, FV (147 ppm) has a moderate antioxidant activity. The results of the á-glucosidase inhibition test show that the highest value was in FV (300.74 ppm), then followed by FIII (493.54 ppm), and FIV (847.95 ppm). On the other hand, FI and FII formulas were considered unable to inhibit á-glucosidase enzymes. Therefore, adding Maja leaf extract into the trigone honey might improve its potential use for managing diabetes</p> Ulfa Purnamasari Purnamasari Sri Anna Marliyati Evy Damayanthi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 95 104 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.95-104 Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Fruit Consumption among Female and Male Adolescents in Hulu Terengganu and Marang, Malaysia https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/39270 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of fruit consumption and their associations among female and male adolescents in Hulu Terengganu and Marang. This a crosssectional study involving 184 selected secondary school students in Hulu Terengganu and Marang, with 94 of them were female respondents and 90 were male. Data on socio-demographic, fruit consumption, knowledge, attitude and practices of fruit consumption were collected using validated questionnaire and food frequency questionnaire. Only 35.8 % of the respondents had adequate fruit consumption, 62.8% and 60.0% of female and male respondents had good knowledge, 63.8% and 60.0% of female and male respondents had good attitude and only 6.4% and 16.7% of female and male respondents had good practice. We also found a significant difference of practice in fruit consumption between male and female respondents (p&lt;0.05). The result showed that there was positive significant correlations between knowledge and attitude as well as attitude and practices of fruit consumption (p&lt;0.05). No correlation was reported between knowledge and practices of fruit intake. This showed that good attitude potentially improved knowledge and practice towards fruit consumption and vice versa. The results of this research showed that it is crucial to improve the main factors to influencie knowledge, attitude and practices of fruit consumption among adolescents.</p> Nurul Atikah Jamaludin Mohd Adzim Khalili Rohin Norhayati Binti Abd Hadi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 105 114 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.105-114 Characteristics of Yogurt Ice Cream Fortified with Red Dragon Fruit Puree as Anti-Obesity Functional Food https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/39538 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the effect of Red Dragon Fruit Puree (RDP) added to yogurt ice cream on its sensory, physical and chemical characteristics as well as its anti-obesity effect on mice fed with high-fat diet. To obtain the optimal addition level, RDP was added to the yogurt-based ice cream dough in various proportions: 0 (control), 10, 20, 30, and 40%. The sensory evaluation signifies that 30% RDP addition results in the best yogurt ice cream because it produces favorable flavor, attractive color (purplish pink), and the most preferable taste for the panelist. Data on physical and chemical characteristics showed that RDP yogurt ice cream has lower overrun, total solid, fat, carbohydrate, and calorie content than non-RDP yogurt ice cream (p&lt;0.05). The animal test identified that consumption of RDP yogurt ice cream for 14 days could reduce the mice’s (a xenograft model) body weight under normal and high-fat diet conditions (p&lt;0.05). Thus, RDP yogurt ice cream with specific physical and chemical characteristics potentially results in anti-obesity effects in pre-clinic setting. RDP yogurt ice cream merits further studies, especially for clinical test, before the commercialization stage.</p> Siti Susanti Anang M. Legowo Sri Mulyani Yoga Pratama Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 115 122 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.115-122 Effect of Locally Produced Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food on Children under Five Years with Severe Acute Malnutrition: A Systematic Review https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/40832 <p style="text-align: justify;">This review assessed the effect of Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) on children under five years with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM). The reviewed studies were obtained from six databases. Using the search strategy, 3,521 studies were selected. After title and abstract screening, 75 studies were obtained for further full article screening. The inclusion criteria were types of study (RCT, quasi-RCT, or crossover), participants (SAM children aged 6−60 months with no complications), interventions (locally produced RUTF and standard RUTF), and outcome measures (recovery rate, mortality rate, weight gain rate, height gain rate, length of stay, weight-for-age z score, height-for-age z score, weight-for-length z score, anemia status, blood iron status, serum albumin, plasma amino acid level, adverse effects and acceptability of RUTF). A total of 33 studies were included in this review. Nine out of twenty-two studies that used standard RUTF had positive effects on recovery outcomes in children with SAM. The alternative RUTF produced from local protein sources showed slightly lower positive effects on SAM treatment than those of standard RUTF. Since the studies used different methods to assess the outcome, no formula could be selected as the best formula and selection should be made based on individual research objectives. In conclusion, both standard and the alternative locally produced RUTF can be applied for treatment of SAM by considering the local preferences, ingredients availability, production sustainability and product safety.</p> Rimbawan Rimbawan Zuraidah Nasution Puspo Edi Giriwono Kharisma Tamimi Khaerul Fadly Astrid Noviana Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-07-31 2022-07-31 17 2 123 138 10.25182/jgp.2022.17.2.123-138