PENGGUNAAN BERBAGAI JENIS BAHAN PELINDUNG UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN VIABILITAS BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT YANG DI ISOLASI DARI AIR SUSU IBU PADA PROSES PENGERINGAN BEKU [Utilization of various cryogenic agents during freeze drying to Maintain the viability of Lactic

Ni Nyoman Puspawati, Lilis Nuraida, Dede Robiatul Adawiyah

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria are the  most important bacteria having potential as probiotic. The objectives of the present study were to examine the growth of Lactic Acid Bacteria,  identify the Lactic Acid Bacteria capable of surviving and  evaluate the best cryogenic agents that  protect the viability of  Lactic Acid Bacteria during freeze drying. Four cryogenic agents, i.e. sucrose, lactose, skim milk and maltodextrin, were used in freeze drying of three species of Lactic Acid Bacteria, i.e. Pediococcus pentosaceus A16, Lactobacillus brevis A17 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus R21 isolated from breast milk.  Evaluation included viability before and after freeze drying, survival of freeze dried culture in 0.5 % bile salt and low pH for 5 hours. The result showed that three of cryogenics, i.e. sucrose, lactose and skim milk improved the viability of freeze dried of all lactobacilli, except maltodextrin that did not give protection to L. rhamnosus R21. Evaluation on the survival  of LAB in 0.5 % bile salt showed that cryogenic agents improved the survival rate of all Lactic Acid Bacteria during freeze drying. The cryogenic  also improved the survival rate of LAB at low pH, with the best protection given by skim milk on L. rhamnosus R21.

Authors

Ni Nyoman Puspawati
nnpuspa@yahoo.co.id (Primary Contact)
Lilis Nuraida
Dede Robiatul Adawiyah
Author Biographies

Ni Nyoman Puspawati

Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

Lilis Nuraida

SEAFAST Center dan Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Institut Pertanian Bogor

Dede Robiatul Adawiyah

SEAFAST Center dan Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
PuspawatiN. N., NuraidaL., & AdawiyahD. R. (2010). PENGGUNAAN BERBAGAI JENIS BAHAN PELINDUNG UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN VIABILITAS BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT YANG DI ISOLASI DARI AIR SUSU IBU PADA PROSES PENGERINGAN BEKU [Utilization of various cryogenic agents during freeze drying to Maintain the viability of Lactic. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan, 21(1), 59. Retrieved from https://medpet.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jtip/article/view/2463
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